The National Water Research Center (NWRC) is a pioneer institution for various water research activities in Egypt. It was established in 1975 as a research entity within the Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation (MWRI). Under the umbrella of NWRC, twelve research institutes exert concerted efforts to implement a comprehensive research plan serving ongoing projects and national development plans in general. Each of the twelve institutes is concerned with one research discipline in the field of water engineering and related water issues. In addition, NWRC established a Strategic Research Unit, a Central Laboratory for Environmental Quality Monitoring, a Geographic Information System, Information/ Documentation Center, and a highly specialized Central Library.